John W. Wayland Papers
Scope and Content
The John W. Wayland Papers contain personal papers and documents that recount the founding of the Harrisonburg State Normal School at Harrisonburg and its early years. The collection includes transcribed portions of John Wayland’s personal diary (1908-1931) that relate to the early years of the Normal School. A document contains a list of commencement speakers from 1910-1919. The collection contains several of Wayland’s papers and speeches, including the manuscript “Harrisonburg State Normal School in Relation to the World War, 1914-1918,” and a paper titled “Some Reminiscences of the Founding of the State Teachers College at Harrisonburg, VA., 1908,” which was prepared for First Founders Day, State Teachers College on March 14, 1928. The collection includes character sketches of the early faculty members, including an extended reflection on faculty member, Elizabeth Cleveland.
The collection contains bibliographies of Wayland’s publications between 1895-1957, and 1901-1957. Accompanying the bibliographies are correspondence between son, Francis F. Wayland and librarian at Madison College, Lowell E. Ashley, regarding John Wayland publications and writings. The collection also contains newspaper clippings from the Daily News Record that reference Wayland.
- Wayland, John Walter, 1872-1962 (Person)
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John Walter Wayland was born in 1872 in Shenandoah County, Virginia. He received his BA from Bridgewater College in 1899, and his Ph.D in 1907 from the University of Virginia. He was an original faculty member at the State Normal and Industrial School for Women at Harrisonburg, where he chaired the history and social science department, and served many years as secretary of the faculty. At the Normal School, he was known for his unconventional teaching style, sometimes holding classes outside, and leading students on long hikes on Massunutten Mountain. He retired in 1931.
Wayland was known as a preeminent historian of Virginia and the Shenandoah Valley. He authored at least 40 books, some of the most well-known being History of Virginia for Boys and Girls, published in 1931, and histories of Bridgewater College, Rockingham and Shenandoah counties, Stonewall Jackson, Robert E. Lee, and the Washingtons. In 1955, the Chamber of Commerce passed a resolution designating the Old Port Republic as the “Wayland Highway.” He died in 1962. Wayland was married to Mattie V. Frey (1877-1965), and had two children: Francis Fry Wayland (1907-1995) and John Walter Wayland Jr. (b. 1909).
0.2 cubic feet (5 folders)
Language of Materials
The John W. Wayland Papers, 1916-1980, are comprised of the writings of John Walter Wayland, historian and original faculty member at the State Normal and Industrial School for Women at Harrisonburg. Many documents relate to the founding and early years of the school.
Papers are arranged topically in four folders.
Immediate acquisition is not known. No accession documents are found.
- Find A Grave. “John Walter Wayland (1872-1962)” Find a Grave Memorial no. 8154002. Accessed January 4, 2018. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/8154002.
Correspondence written by or to Wayland and related to the Alumnae/Alumni Association and the Alumnae Building Campaign Committee was pulled from the Alumni and Glee Club vertical files and added to Wayland's papers in November 2022.
- Education, Higher -- Virginia -- History
- Harrisonburg (Va.) -- History -- 20th century
- James Madison University -- History
- Letters (correspondence)
- Manuscripts (documents)
- Newspaper clippings
- Speeches (documents)
- State Normal School for Women at Harrisonburg (Harrisonburg, Va.) -- History
- State Normal School for Women at Harrisonburg (Harrisonburg, Va.) -- Faculty
- State Normal and Industrial School for Women (Harrisonburg, Va.) -- History
- State Normal and Industrial School for Women (Harrisonburg, Va.) -- Faculty
- State Teachers College at Harrisonburg (Harrisonburg, Va.) -- History
- State Teachers College at Harrisonburg (Harrisonburg, Va.) -- Faculty
- Teachers colleges -- History
- A Guide to the John W. Wayland Papers, 1916-1980
- Sarah Roth-Mullet
- January 2018
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- 2022-11: Correspondence written by or to Wayland and related to the Alumnae/Alumni Association and the Alumnae Building Campaign Committee was pulled from the Alumni and Glee Club vertical files and added to Wayland's papers in November 2022.