U.S. Forest Service, George Washington National Forest, Dry River District records
Scope and Content
The U.S. Forest Service, George Washington National Forest, Dry River District Records, 1917-1994, consist of two boxes, 1 flat file, and 1 rolled storage container. Most file materials concern the Dry River District, which currently incorporates 227,000 acres on both sides of Shenandoah Mountain from State Route 259 in the north to Lookout Mountain and State Route 728 in the south, although locations in some other districts are mentioned. Most materials concern the fire-fighting activities undertaken by employees of Shenandoah National Forest, the predecessor name for the George Washington National Forest. Fighting forest arson, prevalent during the first half of the twentieth century, was at that time one of the U.S. Forest Service's foremost goals. The collection also includes some items relevant to recreational and historical topics.
- Creation: 1917-1994
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The George Washington National Forest was created after the enactment of the 1891 Forest Reserve Act, which was brought in front of Congress in response to the extensive damage done to the Shenandoah Valley by farming, timber, mining, hunting, and natural devastation. In 1911, the Weeks Act passed, which allowed the federal government to purchase land to be used for preservation. In 1917, three plots of purchased land in Virginia were combined to create the Shenandoah National Forest, later renamed the George Washington National Forest. The first ever Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camp, Camp Roosevelt, was established in the George Washington National Forest, and began work on constructing the roads, campgrounds, fire towers and more. A total of 14 camps were eventually opened in the forest. The 1960 Multiple-use Sustained-Yield Act and the 1973 Threatened and Endangered Species helped the animal and plant population thrive in the forest, and help it to become the popular recreational hotspot it is today.
3 cubic feet (2 boxes, 1 flat file, and 1 rolled storage container)
Language of Materials
This collection consists of photographs, memos, letters, pamphlets, maps, and other materials dating from 1917-1994 that relate to the George Washington National Forest, Dry River District. Most of the materials concern fire-fighting activities within the Forest, while others relate to the activities of the Civilian Conservation Corps and recreation within national forest lands.
The collection is arranged topically in two boxes, one flat file, and one rolled storage container.
Donated in February 1998 by District Ranger Stephen Parsons.
- USDA Forest Service, George Washington and Jefferson National Forest. http://www.fs.usda.gov/main/gwj/learning/history-culture.
During initial processing, photographs were removed from box:folders 2:1-2:3 and grouped into the folder Miscellaneous Photographs. In order to streamline the process of applying collection numbers, Special Collections staff completed a large-scale renumbering campaign in the spring of 2017. This collection was previously cataloged as SC 3014.
- Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) -- History (Organization)
- Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) -- Camp Roosevelt (Va.) (Organization)
Genre / Form
- Appalachian Region, Southern -- History
- Camp Todd (Augusta County, Va.)
- George Washington National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
- Lookout Mountain (Va. and W. Va.)
- Massanutten Mountain (Va.)
- Massanutten National Forest (Va.)
- Shenandoah Mountain (Va. and W. Va.)
- Shenandoah National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
- Stribling Springs (Va.)
- Forest management -- Massanutten National Forest (Va.)
- Recreation areas -- George Washington National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
- Conservation of natural resources -- History
- Fire lookout stations -- George Washington National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
- Forest fires -- Detection
- Forest fires -- George Washington National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
- Forest fires -- Massanutten National Forest (Va.)
- Forest fires -- Prevention and control -- handbooks, manuals, etc
- Forest fires -- Shenandoah National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
- Forest fires -- Statistics
- Forest management -- George Washington National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
- Forest management -- Shenandoah National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
- Forests and forestry -- Environmental aspects -- United States
- High Knob Fire Tower -- Shenandoah Mountain (Va. and W. Va.)
- National parks and reserves -- Appalachian Region, Southern -- History
- A Guide to the U.S. Forest Service, George Washington National Forest, Dry River District Records, 1917-1994
- Chris Bolgiano
- March 1998
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- 2017: Collection renumbered.
- 2020-04-01: Minor revisions to finding aid.