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Hoak Ledger

Identifier: SC 0161
  • Not requestable

  • Staff Only

Scope and Content

On the last page is written "Gasper Hoak his book." Entries are mostly in German script with columns of numbers. According to Mr. John Stewart, James Madison University Faculty Emeritus and a native German speaker, the German entries refer frequently to shoeing horses, repairing wagons, and sales of wheat and grain. One page dated 1803 is in English and appears to be a recipe for whiskey.


  • Creation: 1794-1855



English, German

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the James Madison University Special Collections Library to use this collection.

Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have been transferred to the James Madison University Special Collection Library. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library Reference Desk (

Bio/Historical Note

The Hoak Ledger, 1794-1855, was part of the personal collection of a Lexington, Virginia resident and is thought to have originated in Shenandoah or Page County, Virginia, where the Hoak family name can be documented.


0.08 cubic feet (1 folder)


The Hoak Ledger, 1794-1855, is written primarily in German and includes entries for shoeing horses, repairing wagons, and sales of wheat and grain. It likely originated from Gasper Hoak of Page County, Virginia.


The ledger is bound and housed in a folder.

Acquisition Information

Purchased in June 2001 from Green Valley Auctions, Mt. Crawford, Virginia.

Processing Information

In order to streamline the process of applying collection numbers, Special Collections staff completed a large-scale renumbering campaign in 2017-2018. This collection was previously cataloged as SC 4023.


A Guide to the Hoak Ledger, 1794-1855
Chris Bolgiano
September 2001
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the James Madison University Libraries Special Collections Repository

820 Madison Drive
MSC 1706
Harrisonburg Virginia 22807
(540) 568-3612